Ondine syndrome: babies who can die in sleep

Ondine syndrome: babies who can die in sleep

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Ondine syndrome It is a rare disease that causes babies with it to not breathe properly while they are asleep. This condition, also known as Congenital Central Hyperventilation, is genetic and is caused by a gene mutation. It affects one in 200,000 live newborns and causes babies and children who suffer from it to spend the night connected to a respirator. And it is that, otherwise, babies affected by Ondine Syndrome could die while sleeping.

Its name comes from Germanic mythology referring to the water nymph Ondina, who upon finding her husband in the arms of another cursed him for not being able to sleep because if she did she would not be able to breathe and would die.

1- Spasms of sobbing: When the child cries, he stops breathing for seconds, and can even change color, which can cause a decrease in heartbeat and loss of consciousness. This symptom disappears when the child grows up.

2- Hypoventilation: Due to the alteration of the automatic control of respiration, this is carried out very slowly, sometimes even disappearing causing apneas. This causes a lack of oxygen and an increase in CO2 in the blood. This symptom does not disappear over time, all patients suffer from it during sleep and some also also when they are awake, requiring the help of a respirator to which the patient is connected so that they can breathe.

3.- Patients suffering from Ondine syndrome don't feel the need to breathe fast when their body needs it, for example during exercise, so they have to be closely watched to notice any alteration.

4- Bluish color from the skin due to lack of oxygen.

5- Fatigue or fatigue from lack of rest.

6- Drowsiness daytime due to not getting adequate rest at night.

7- Headache.

8- Wake up many times during the night.

9- Swelling of ankles.

10- Alterations in the heart rate.

Ondine Syndrome has no cure today. Necessary give children a tracheostomy and live thanks to assisted breathing 24 hours a day from birth, and subsequently the number of hours that are connected to mechanical ventilation is reduced, since the hours of sleep decrease.

As a consequence of the hole in their throat, children with Ondine syndrome are prone to more infections than other children, and it is more difficult for them to learn to speak, so they require the help of speech therapists.

Basic care for the child with a tracheostomy includes suctioning secretions, cleaning the stoma, and changing the cannula.

Sometimes they are used medicines to stimulate the respiratory system, but they don't always work

While the children sleep it is necessary monitor carbon dioxide levels and your heart rate by means of audible or visual alarms, to avoid any failure in the respirator, which means that their parents are always alert at night to any incident that may occur while their children are resting.

You can read more articles similar to Ondine syndrome: babies who can die in sleep, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.

Video: Ondines Curse (August 2022).