That children socialize is a topic that is debated a lot in our society. This process of socialization begins as soon as the baby is born with his own family; As he grows, he will do it with the adults around him, with other children when they go to the park with their parents, and then at school without their families.
It is there, in the environments where the family is no longer found, where the greatest debate is generated about the ability of children to socialize. How do babies relate to each other and how can you help them socialize?
Due to the poor work-life balance that exists today, parents are forced to take their children to nursery schools. Early parenting and socialization in nursery schools it is associated as something beneficial and necessary for the development of the child.
The reality is that children during the first year of life their socialization is limited to a process of discovery. Is that Babies reduce their socializing behaviors to smiling and vocalizing. The most complex social relationship with others occurs through the object, that is, they use toys as mechanisms to relate by imitation. These relationships are brief, passive, and isolated and occur more with adults than with their peers.
It can be seen in any nursery school that in children under 18 months when they are playing, they do so with others, but not with others and they do not do it on their own initiative.
It is after 18 months when things change dramatically. The baby has begun to develop motor, mental and language skills that give him new opportunities for interaction with other babies. It is at this time when the bonding process takes place and the relationship with peers becomes increasingly important. As children grow, this interaction differs from that of adults. It is at this age where it begins to be seen that children begin to play together and this game evolves until it is regulated.
Children learn social behaviors through imitation, positive reinforcement, practice, etc. But the fundamental thing in this process of social learning is the attachment.
Attachment is understood as an affective bond that is a consequence of love and affection with a person. If this bond is secure, the child will achieve high self-esteem, which will help future relationships with other children. Thus, it will not be strange that children under three years of age socialize little or nothing.
But it is important that a close and secure bond exists between the children and their parents, guardians, etc. It will give them the security they need to socialize both with adults and with other children or babies in a satisfactory way.
Therefore, parents have to work on the bond with their children and help as much as possible so that they are encouraged to socialize with others, whether they are adults or equals. But if they do not do so with other children before the age of three they should not be alarmed.
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